The Myricaceae family comprises three genera, of which Myrica, comprising approximately 50 species, is most widely distributed across the warm, humid regions of Asia (e.g., China, Japan, and India), Europe (e.g., France, Norway, Switzerland, and Spain), Africa (e.g., Kenya), North America (e.g., USA), and South America (e.g., Brazil). Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. & Zucc.) is an economically important fruit tree, and its cultivation area in China is about 334,000 ha with an annual yield of 950,000 t, approximately. In addition to producing flavorful fruit, different organs of Chinese bayberry are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Chinese bayberry extracts contain antioxidants against inflammation, allergies, diabetes, cancer, bacterial infections, and diarrhea, among other health issues.